Mike and Amy Mills are a father-daughter team from southern Illinois.
Mike was trained as a dental technician. "I made false teeth — crowns, bridges, partials — this type of thing. It's what I did as a trade," he recalls. "Later on, I started barbecuing just for the fun of doing it."
And that's what made him famous.
Mike is 75 now. Along with a pen and glasses, he carries a meat thermometer in his shirt pocket. He doesn't like to brag, but he has won numerous international barbecue competitions. He is even in the Barbecue Hall of Fame in Kansas City, Mo.
In short, the guy standing on my porch on a recent rainy day is a barbecue legend. With his daughter Amy, he runs a place in Murphysboro, Ill., called 17th Street Barbecue, where they spread "the gospel of barbecue," as Amy puts it. Hence the title of their new cookbook, Praise the Lard: Recipes and Revelations from a Legendary Life in Barbecue. It has simple recipes like pimento cheese and tangy coleslaw, as well as more ambitious projects — like instructions on how to select and prepare a whole hog.
We didn't get in that deep. I asked Mike and Amy to show us something people can make in their own backyards: smoked chicken wings finished on the grill. These barbecue evangelists preach that you don't need fancy equipment to make great meat.
To prove it, they set to work on a well-used and very basic Weber charcoal grill. For heat, Mike likes a natural lump charcoal — not charcoal briquettes.
"It's all-natural wood — it's not got chemicals and coal and other additives just to extend the wood product. It's 100 percent wood," he says.
He puts the charcoal lumps in a chimney and lights them. Once the coals are red hot, he dumps them onto the grill. "You want your coals to be nice and red and charred," he explains.
Then, right on top of the glowing coals goes an almost magic ingredient: a branch of apple wood, which Mike and Amy brought with them from southern Illinois.
"Something a lot of people don't know: Trees have bark. Bark blackens your meat. Your apple wood has a skin. ... It's very thin," Mike says. So apple wood won't darken your meat, he says.
"So charcoal is the heat source," Amy adds, "and wood is the flavor."
As soon as the apple wood goes on, a sweet, smoky aroma fills the porch. "It smells like heaven," Mike says — and that's before there's even any meat on the grill.
The wings have already gotten a spice rub. They go on over indirect heat and should sit there for about an hour and a half undisturbed. They're not intensely cooking just yet, just slowly smoking.
That's one of the beauties of barbecuing, Mike says — it's "the great friendship maker," an excuse for people to get together with no hurry and just sit around and talk. "People aren't pushing and shoving; they know when it's ready there's going to be something good."
Finally, we move on to the second step in these two-step wings: It's time to apply a couple of different house sauces — with a tiny little mop. "We're not painting a house; we're fixing a meal. That's why we use a mop" instead of a brush, Mike explains. At this point, he and Amy add more hot coals and sear the wings over direct heat.
The cookbook includes the family's recipe for barbecue sauce, which you'll find below.
You want to pull the wings off the grill when the internal temperature hits 165 degrees Fahrenheit, or when they look nice and charred but not blackened.
"You eat with your eyes, too," Mike notes. "In fact, that's the first thing you eat with is your eyes and your nose."
At this point, I need to recruit an impartial judge to help taste these wings, so I corral my next-door neighbor, Diane Swann. She has lived in this neighborhood for decades and she loves a good wing — hot, mild or in-between. Amy hands Diane a wingette. Her verdict?
"Very delicious," Diane declares. (Food & Wine magazine agrees — it called the Mills' wings the best in the country.)
"There are just so many layers of flavor here — garlic, salt, dry rub, smoke, chicken itself, and then the sauce," Amy says.
As Diane puts it with a chuckle, "Poor chicken don't stand a chance."
Apple City Barbecue Sauce
(Courtesy of Mike And Amy Mills)
Makes about 2 cups
3/4 cup ketchup (made with cane sugar, such as Red Gold or Hunt's)
2/3 cup rice vinegar
1 1/2 cups apple cider
1/4 cup apple cider vinegar
1/4 cup packed light brown sugar
1/4 cup Worcestershire sauce
2 teaspoons prepared yellow mustard
1/2 teaspoon granulated garlic
1/8 teaspoon ground white pepper
1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
1/3 cup bacon bits (real, not imitation), ground in a spice mill
1/3 cup grated peeled apple
1/3 cup grated onion
2 teaspoons grated green pepper
Combine the ketchup, rice vinegar, apple cider juice, cider vinegar, brown sugar, Worcestershire sauce, mustard, granulated garlic, white pepper, cayenne and bacon bits in a large saucepan. Bring to a boil, stir in the apple, onion and green pepper, then lower the heat. Simmer the sauce, stirring often, for 10 to 15 minutes, until it thickens slightly. Decant into a Mason jar, cover and refrigerate. The sauce will keep for at least a month. Warm or bring to room temperature before serving.
Variation: To make this sauce a little hotter, add more cayenne pepper to taste, an additional 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon. Be careful: A little goes a long way.
Excerpted from Praise The Lard by Mike Mills, Amy Mills, and Ken Goodman. Copyright 2017 by Mike Mills, Amy Mills, and Ken Goodman. Used by permission of Rux Martin Books/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.
ARI SHAPIRO, HOST:
Mike and Amy Mills are a father-daughter team from southern Illinois. Mike was trained as a dental technician.
MIKE MILLS: I made false teeth - crowns, bridges, partials, this type thing. It's what I did, you know, as a trade. Later on, I started barbecuing just for the fun of doing it.
SHAPIRO: And that's what made him famous.
I see that in your pocket you've got a pen, glasses and also a meat thermometer.
M. MILLS: Yes, all the necessities of life.
SHAPIRO: Mike is 75. And he doesn't like to brag, but he's in the Barbecue Hall of Fame in Kansas City, Mo. He's won a bunch of international competitions. In short, the guy standing on my porch in the rain right now is a barbecue legend. With his daughter Amy, the family runs a place in Murphysboro, Ill., called 17th Street Barbecue.
AMY MILLS: Spreading the gospel of barbecue, hence the words praise the lard.
SHAPIRO: "Praise The Lard" is also the name of their new cookbook. It has simple recipes like pimento cheese and tangy coleslaw, then also more ambitious projects like instructions on how to select and prepare a whole hog. We're not getting in that deep today. I asked Mike and Amy Mills to show us something people can do at home.
A. MILLS: Today, we are going to smoke and then finish on the grill some chicken wings. And that's something that's very easy to do in your own backyard.
SHAPIRO: Awesome. Lead the way, and we will follow.
These barbecue evangelists preach that you don't need fancy equipment to make great meat. To prove it, they set to work on a well-used and very basic Weber charcoal grill.
M. MILLS: Let's see what we got going here. Perfect. This is just - this looks exactly like they should look, like they've been used before. It's not the first time out of the box.
For heat, Mike likes a natural lump charcoal, not charcoal briquettes.
M. MILLS: You know, natural wood has not got chemicals and coal and other additive just to extend the wood product. It's a hundred percent wood. So I'm just going to put this in the chimney.
SHAPIRO: Once the coals are red hot, he dumps them onto the grill.
M. MILLS: You know, you want your coals to be nice and red and charred.
SHAPIRO: Then right on top of the glowing coals goes an almost magic ingredient - a branch.
A. MILLS: We have some applewood here.
SHAPIRO: Did you bring this applewood from southern Illinois?
A. MILLS: I did.
SHAPIRO: (Laughter) This is really authentic.
A. MILLS: We packed this in our suitcase. This is really authentic.
M. MILLS: Something a lot of people just don't know, trees have bark. Bark blackens your meat. Your applewood has a skin. You'll notice it's very thin.
SHAPIRO: It's not a thick bark. It's a very thin skin.
M. MILLS: Very thin.
SHAPIRO: Applewood won't make the meat turn dark?
M. MILLS: No.
A. MILLS: So charcoal is the heat source, and wood is the flavor.
SHAPIRO: As soon as the applewood goes on, a sweet smoky aroma fills the porch.
M. MILLS: Smells like heaven (laughter).
SHAPIRO: And that's before there's even any meat.
M. MILLS: Yes.
SHAPIRO: Now the wings go on over indirect heat. They've already gotten the spice rub, and they should sit there for about an hour and a half undisturbed - not intensely cooking just yet, just slowly smoking.
M. MILLS: Barbecuing probably is without a doubt, when people get together, they're not in a hurry. They're more relaxed. People aren't shoving and pushing. And they know when it's ready, it's going to be something good.
SHAPIRO: Finally, it's onto the second phase of these two-step wings. With more coals on the fire, it's time to apply a couple of different house sauces with a tiny little mop.
M. MILLS: A lot of times you'll see somebody with a brush. You know, we're not painting a house. We're fixing a meal. That's why we use a mop.
SHAPIRO: The cookbook includes the family's recipe for barbecue sauce. We'll post it online.
M. MILLS: Barbecuing is a great friendship maker. You've got time to talk to each other. And in this life anymore, you don't have a lot of time to talk, you know, other than hi, bye, how's the kids, and I'll see you next week. Barbecuing puts it down on a different level. And can you cook the ribs faster? Yes, but they won't be like they supposed to be.
SHAPIRO: You want to pull the wings off the grill when the internal temperature hits 165 or when they look nice and charred but not blackened.
M. MILLS: You eat with your eyes, too. Like, that's the first thing you eat with is with your eyes and your nose. The smell when you walked up here, and then when we open this up to see what's on there and to get another whiff of that aroma.
(SOUNDBITE OF SIZZLING)
M. MILLS: I'm going to get a bowl right quick.
SHAPIRO: Now, at this point, I need to recruit an impartial judge to help me taste these wings.
DIANE SWANN: Hello, Mr. Mills.
A. MILLS: Hey, how we doing?
SWANN: My name is Diane Swann, and I'm the next-door neighbor to Ari.
SHAPIRO: She's lived in this neighborhood for decades, and she knows a good wing.
SWANN: I like the hot ones, the mild ones...
SHAPIRO: The in-between ones. All of the above.
SWANN: ...And the in-between ones.
A. MILLS: Do you prefer the drummy (ph) or the wingettes (ph)?
SWANN: The wingettes. That's the one. There you go.
A. MILLS: I'll give you one of each, but you can have more.
SWANN: OK. OK. I'm going to try this one - tastes good.
SWANN: Very delicious.
SHAPIRO: Did you know Food & Wine magazine called these the best wings in the country?
SWANN: Oh, they do? They're good. They are good.
A. MILLS: So there's just many, many layers of flavor here - garlic, salt, dry rub, smoke, the chicken itself and then the sauce.
SWANN: Poor chicken don't stand a chance.
SHAPIRO: My neighbor, Ms. Diane Swann with two legends of American barbecue, Mike and Amy Mills. Their new cookbook is called "Praise The Lard: Recipes And Revelations From A Legendary Life In Barbecue."
(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "BAR-B-Q")
WENDY RENE: (Singing) I like barbecue. You like barbecue. We like barbecue. You know I sure love barbecue. Sister's out back sitting in the swing. She wants some barbecue. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.