The Arkansas General Assemblies of 1957, 1958 and 1959 passed a whole raft of pro-segregation legislation, much of it to do with school policy. Acts 4 and 5 of the 1958 General Assembly worked in concert to try to undermine public school districts by transferring public money to private schools. Act 4 allowed the governor to close integrated schools. Act 5 provided for the transfer of funds from an integrated public school district to a segregated school district or to a private school. In 1959 a federal district court ruled both acts unconstitutional. Act 4 violated the Fourteenth Amendment. Act 5 denied students their right to attend a public high school in their own school district. The state could not transfer school funds to other districts or to private schools to avoid integration.
Segregationist General Assembley of 1958
By John Kirk • Aug 2, 2016